Leather has provided mankind with fundamental needs since the beginning of time. Leather has played a significant role in providing clothing, shelter, footwear and seating throughout history. Although it has evolved into a luxury material it is the inherent nature of its properties that has drawn people to it through the ages – “Leather Breathes”. It is soft and flexible and at the same time it is one of the strongest natural flat sheet materials that exist in the world. The breathing characteristics of leather fibres create the most comfortable and softest natural material available.The hand and texture of leather differentiates it from any other material. Comfort-Longevity-Luxury these are the unique characteristics of top quality upholstery leather.


 

GLOSSARY 

In order to help you better understand and evaluate our product selection, here is a brief glossary of terms used on this site and within the leather industry.

ALTERED LEATHER: 

Leather that has had the original surface of the skin removed (usually due to imperfections) and a new grain embossed into the leather. This is also called corrected grain. Most top grain leathers have altered or corrected grain surfaces.

ANILINE: 

Colorless, oily, slightly water-soluble liquid used in the synthesis of dyes and resins.

ANILINE DYE: 

Any of a large number of synthetic dyes derived from aniline, usually obtained from coal tar.

ANILINE DYED OR ANILINE LEATHER: 

Leather that has been dyed in a bath with dye penetration.

BOVINE: 

Animal of the ox or cow family.

BREATHABILITY: 

The grain and pore structure of full grain leather allows it to breathe – adjusting to temperature and wicking away moisture and body heat.

BUFFED LEATHER: 

Process in which an abrasive or bladed cylinder is used to remove a grain so that it can be corrected.

CHROME TANNAGE:

Tanning process using chromium salts resulting in soft, mellow hides.

COMBINATION TANNAGE:

Tanning process using both chrome and vegetable tannage.

CORRECTED GRAIN: 

(Top grain) heavily pigmented, lacking an intact full grain surface.

COWHIDE: 

Leather tanned from hides of animals of the bovine species.

CROCK: 

Transfer of color from the leather surface.

DRUM DYEING: 

The immersion of leather in a drum of dye that is tumbled allowing full dye penetration.

EMBOSSED LEATHER: 

A corrected grain in which a pattern is applied using extreme pressure to give it a unique design.

ENHANCED FULL GRAIN: 

A leather that has received minor surface alterations to improve the full grain appearance.

FAT WRINKLE: 

Wrinkles in leather caused by fat deposits in the animal.

FINISHING: 

Processes that are applied to the leather after the tanning process.

FULL GRAIN: 

Leather in which the dermis layer is in a natural state and has not been altered, allowing the hide its own distinctive appearance.

FULL HAND: 

(Round hand) full bodied and robust leather.

GRAIN: 

Upper part of a hide consisting of pores, cells, wrinkles and other characteristics constituting natural texture.

GRAIN CHARACTER: 

Natural markings on leather.

GRAIN EMBOSSED: 

Process in which the original grain is removed and an artificial grain is pressed into the surface of top grain leather.

GRAIN SUEDED: 

Buffing process to raise the fibres on the grain side of a hide producing a velvet-like finish (Nubuck leather).

HAND: 

Term used in describing the feel of leather.

KIP: 

Hide from a grass fed, immature bovine.

LEATHER: 

The skin of an animal prepared for use by tanning.

LEATHERETTE: 

A manufactured imitation leather.

LIMING: 

Process preparing the hides for tanning including the removal of hair.

MATTE FINISH: 

Dull, flat finish.

MILLING: 

Process that adds suppleness to a hide.

NAKED LEATHER: 

Dyed leather with no topical application masking or other alteration of the natural state of the leather.

NATURAL GRAIN: 

Full original grain leather.

NUBUCK: 

Polished, grain sueded leather

OAK TANNAGE: 

Heavy leather tanned with vegetable extracts.

PATENT LEATHER: 

Glossy impermeable finish using drying oils, varnish or synthetic resins.

PATINA:

Natural characteristic of full grain leather that develops over time.

PERFORATED:

Process of die cutting small holes into a hide forming a pattern.

PIGMENTED: 

Leather that is sprayed with a opaque finish.

PATINA: 

Natural characteristic of full grain leather that develops over time.

PERFORATED: 

The process of die cutting small holes into a hide forming a pattern.

PIGMENTED: 

Leather that is sprayed with a opaque finish.

+ Leather Protection +

Leresco our Sister company takes care of any Leather protection or Leather restoration needs. Give us a call for any Quotes. 905 888 8802

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Mcmullen Manchee Leather